Students learn (language) for various reasons from those who need English to study in university to those that just want to talk to more people from around the world. But what makes them achieve what they set out to do which is speaking English competently? You could say it is a goal, their intention, their aspiration to be this person who has no problems with language. The only difficulty is, do they really know what their targets are? These can be for a course of English, for example, thirty hours or the end product over a longer period. I will try in this piece to explain some points regarding learning goals in relation to the article by Greta J Gorsuch.
First of all, I have to talk about the teacher and his or her role in the classroom with regard to student learning goals. What do the students think they are there for? Is he or she (the teacher) there to do everything? Is the teacher there to spoon-feed the students so to make it easy for them? These are the sorts of questions that many students may say the teacher is there to do everything. Greta’s article mentions that teachers are ‘traditionally the primary source of information and inspiration’. It is true that the students can be sat waiting for the teacher to speak, the idea that the students do not speak unless spoken to. They can actually feel afraid to ask further questions or just get the exercise done. This is where concrete learning objectives can try to make the students come away from relying on the teacher to creating goals for themselves as students and as such putting more emphasis on themselves (students) and what they want to achieve. Greta says ‘language students themselves are the best source of information. To be a language learner doesn’t just involve coming to class and listening to a teacher then going home. It involves being a language learner for life in and outside class’.
It is here inside the class (not to mention outside) that the teacher if they want to create a learning environment they should encourage these learning goals for the students. Some teachers don’t have ‘effective strategies’ Greta says. I agree with her as they can go into the class and teach a great lesson, but there could be more from the students. Greta mentions ‘simple goal clarification activities’ this I think is the ‘use’ part of the lesson where you actually get the student to show that they have achieved their goal if only for that week by speaking and presenting the fact. This incentive I think at least gives students that pleasure of reaching a goal and then setting another one. The satisfaction to think that they set a target and have reached it must be beneficial for future progress.
Greta’s ideas for future progress relate to giving cards out, getting the students to fill in their goals, making sure they are achievable ones at that. The only part I think that they must do is, share these with other students. I think this honesty in class will get the students to realize what they are in class for. They must also be kept focused on these goals. Greta says that ‘ during the next few weeks, get students to look back at their card, and rewrite their responses’. Again you should never shy away from keeping the students focused on their goals. If one student does not feel they have reached their goals this is a great time to focus on why. It is true that a student may do, for example, thirty hours of study and then go up another level, in this student’s head is that they are now a level higher, so their English language must be a level higher. This idea could be far off the mark thus having students with achievable goals makes the students fully aware that they have reached that goal or not, and when this goal is relayed to the teacher he or she can give advice on what they can do next.
To conclude, you must say teachers have to do their job but just as much the students have to do their job. This doesn’t mean forcing them; it means giving them that focus. And hopefully, the students will realize that English language is all part of their life not just in the classroom.